Watershed Protection Plan

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Final Draft Approved 9-14-2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………….1
CHAPTER 2 INTRODUCTION………………………….8
CHAPTER 3 DESCRIPTION OF THE LAKE LEELANAU WATERSHED…………….10
3.1 LOCATION AND SIZE ………………………………..11
3.2 WATER BODIES…………………………………………11
3.3 JURISDICTIONS………………………………………..14
3.4 POPULATION…………………………………………….16
3.5 LAND USE/LAND COVER …………………………17
3.6 GEOLOGY AND SOILS………………………………20
3.7 HYDROLOGY AND GROUNDWATER RECHARGE …..24
3.8 WETLANDS ………………………………………………24
3.9 FISHERIES ……………………………………………….28
3.10 EXISTING WATER QUALITY INFORMATION AND RESULTS FOR LAKE LEELANAU
WATERSHED …29
3.11 HUMAN HISTORY …………………………………..42
3. 12 ECONOMY, TOURISM, AND RECREATION ….4
3.13 STEERING COMMITTEE INVOLVEMENT, STAKEHOLDER SURVEY SUMMARY AND
RESULTS…47
3.14 LAKE LEELANAU WATERSHED PLAN SUCCESSES SINCE 2002………………50
CHAPTER 4 DESIGNATED AND DESIRED USES …..55
4.1 DESIGNATED USES IN THE STATE OF MICHIGAN…..55
4.2 IMPACTED DESIGNATED USES IN THE LAKE LEELANAU
WATERSHED …61
4.3 DESIRED USES ..61
CHAPTER 5 WATER QUALITY PROBLEMS ……63
5.1 THREATENED DESIGNATED USES: POLLUTANTS, SOURCES AND CAUSES….63
5.2 PRIORITY POLLUTANT RANKING …67
5.3 PRIORITY AND CRITICAL AREAS……70
5.4 POLLUTANTS OF CONCERN……………74
5.5 SPECIAL SOURCES OF CONCERN: STORMWATER, LACK OF
RIPARIAN BUFFER, AND MASTER PLANS AND ZONING …89
5.6 UNDERSTANDING CONSERVATION EASEMENTS….102
CHAPTER 6 WATERSHED GOALS AND OBJECTIVES…… 104
CHAPTER 7 IMPLEMENTATION TASKS………………………112
7.1 SUMMARY OF IMPLEMENTATION TASKS………………112
7.2 BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES………………………..113
7.3 LIST OF IMPLEMENTATION TASKS BY CATEGORY…….121
7.4 INFORMATION AND EDUCATION STRATEGY………..141
7.5 EVALUATION PROCEDURES………………………………158
CHAPTER 8 FUTURE EFFORTS…………………………….162
CHAPTER 9 CONCLUSIONS…………………………………164
REFERENCES CITED……………………………………….165-168
APPENDICES………………………………………………………..169

2 Replies to “Watershed Protection Plan

  1. ABOUT THIS PLAN (from the plan)

    In December 2001, the Lake Leelanau Watershed Management Plan was prepared by the Leelanau Conservancy with collaboration and input from major watershed stakeholders including the Lake Leelanau Lake Association (LLLA), Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians (GTB) and local units of government. Much was accomplished during the first plan and is outlined in Chapter 3 (section 3.14). Eight years later, the same groups initiated new meetings to update the watershed plan to include additional information according to newly implemented Environmental Protection Association (EPA) requirements. Traditional management plans have focused on the restoration of degraded water resources. However, the Lake Leelanau watershed is blessed to have high water quality. Because of this fact, the steering committee decided to use the term Watershed Protection Plan instead of Watershed Management Plan to reflect the high water quality of the Lake Leelanau watershed and the need to preserve the high water quality. The current watershed plan provides a description of the watershed (including such topics as bodies of water, population, land use, municipalities, and recreational activities) and outlines current water quality conditions in the lakes and rivers. Water quality threats were identified and efforts to address these issues were researched, developed, and prioritized. This 2010 updated plan (Final Draft Approved 9-14-2010) also includes additional information on pollutant sources and concentrations, load reduction estimates of various Best Management Practices (BMPs), fisheries management, critical areas of the watershed, measurable milestones to guide plan implementation progress, and a set of criteria to evaluate the effectiveness of implementation efforts.

    1. Hey, Hugh. I see a final draft approval date here. Is there a later date for the final adoption of this plan, or was this final draft approval the final approval period?

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